عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In this article, applying comparative analysis, we examine the experiences of nine developed and developing countries to better understand the common principles of policy evaluation systems. The findings are: 1. Political will and bureaucratic demand for evaluation, 2. Building capacity for evaluation, 3. Including effectiveness, efficiency and impact measures in policy evaluation systems, 4. Using performance indicators, 5. Creating incentives and penalties for performance outcomes, 6. Using both internal and external evaluations, 7. Creating a coordinating institution for policy evaluation systems, 8. Cultivating a sense of ownership for evaluation findings, 9. Publishing evaluation reports, 10. Further developing evaluation types and methods.