دایاسپوراها و منافع ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران در عصر جهانی‌شدن

نوع مقاله: علوم سیاسی از منظر ایرانی

نویسنده

دانش آموخته دکترای مطالعات آمریکا

چکیده

دایاسپوراها گونه‌ای خاص از بازیگران غیردولتی به شمار می‌آیند که در زمره جوامع دور از وطن دسته‌بندی می‌شوند. در دوره معاصر این بازیگران نقش بسزایی در سیاست و اقتصاد بین‌الملل ایفا کرده‌اند؛ اگرچه نقش‌آفرینی آن‌ها صرفاً محدود به این دو حوزه نمی‌شود. از طرف دیگر این پدیده و تفاوت­های آن با دیگر گروه­های مهاجر هنوز به درستی در میان محققان، دولتمردان و رسانه­های ایران شناخته شده نیست. با این پیش­فرض­ها سؤال اصلی این مقاله عبارت است از اینکه مفهوم دایاسپورا چه تعریف و مصادیقی دارد و رابطه آن با منافع ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران در عصر جهانی‌شدن چیست؟ در پاسخ باید گفت نوع این ارتباط بیش از هر چیز در تعامل با یکسری عوامل تعیین خواهد شد که در صدر آن‌ها داشتن فهمی درست از این پدیده و بعد اتخاذ راهبردی حساب شده در تعامل با آن است. بر این اساس و در سطح تحلیل نخست این مقاله ارائه دهنده تبیین مفهومی ـ مصداقی از دایاسپورا در فضای جهانی‌شدن است و بعد به تحلیل اهمیت و جایگاه این جوامع در ارتباط با منافع ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران خواهد پرداخت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Diasporas and National Interests of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the Era of Globalization

نویسنده [English]

  • Mahdi Bahmani
چکیده [English]

Diasporas are a unique type among non-governmental actors in global politics and international relations. They have become a focal point for research centers, power clubs and media across the world in the last two decades. Given these points, this paper explores the relationship between these emerging actors and national interests of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the context of globalization. The paper argues that their influence depends on a number of factors including a proper understanding of diasporas in the current era and then deliberating an efficient strategy to deal with them. On this basis and in the first level of analysis, this paper presents conceptual and applicable explanations of diaspora as a scientific term. On the second level, an appropriate analysis will be presented to explain the increasing influence of these new-emerged actors in relation to national interests of Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • international relations
  • non-governmental actors
  • diasporas
  • transnationalism
  • migration
  • Iran

 

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