عنوان مقاله [English]
Tolerance has been investigated by various aspects. The subject of this paper is political tolerance, which can be considered as one of the important duties of governments and politicians to achieve national unity and the growth and advancement of different thoughts in society. To accurately understand the concept of tolerance, it is necessary to specify its various dimensions so that the audience can find a profound understanding of this key concept. In this article, from the perspective of Ayatollah Mahdavi Kani, the definition and analysis of political tolerance has been addressed. The reason why Ayatollah Mahdavi Kani is selected for this subject is his scientific and political position and his orbit based on his theory that can be a model for today's society.
Using the method of analysis of the main texts on the issue of political tolerance, researchers have achieved eight main questions about tolerance, and then inference and presentation of Ayatullah Mahdavi's view on these eight axes using their content analysis method. The axis is: What does tolerance mean? What are the basics of tolerance? , Who is tolerant of whom is worthy?, Tolerance to whom is it necessary? What tolerance is required? What is the purpose of tolerance? And finally, where is tolerance and what indicators are understood? The results of the research show that: he defined tolerance as tolerance, patience and enjoyment and charity. Political power, social solidarity and compliance with the Provincial considered the basis of tolerance. Tolerance was the duty of the rulers of the Islamic community, and considered friends and opponents and even enemies as three groups that they should be treated with tolerance towards them. They did not accept tolerance without framework and they considered the goal of tolerance as creating unity in Islamic society. For tolerance, there were boundaries, for example, the system of oppression of the kingdom, the counter-revolutionaries of the outskirts, harming national interests, insulting the sanctity, carrying out vices in the public domain, etc., were not tolerated. There are also indicators of tolerance such as respect for minorities, dialogue with opponents and human behavior with enemies in their political arena