عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The Intellectual Basis of Relations between Religion and State
Dr. Ali Reza Shojaeezand
Relations between religion and state that has become a controversial topic in recent years can be studied from three aspects: historical study of societies, analysis of religious teachings and, intellectual deliberation on the necessities of religion and state. Following the third course, we have shown that the only intellectual relation between them is ‘positive correlation’ that has come into existence in the light of connecting each of them with human and his social life. The review of the necessities of religion and state in an independent manner is also indicative of the reciprocal need each of them the other. This can be obtained through studying the needs of each state for a philosophy of being and integrative orientation. And for the religion also, through showing the necessity to fulfill aims i.e. in plain terms: ‘impact on life and human conduct’.