عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The Idea of the Establishment of a Centralistic Authoritarian Government after the Constitutioanl Revolution
(case study: the thoughs of Malik al- Shuara Bahar)
Dr. Muhsin Khalili
Dr. Abbas Kishavarz Shukri
Muhammad Taqi Bahar is known as the master of the kingdom of speech. He is a great man of letters who truly represents the old poetry. He was not merely a man of letters or poetry, but he made numerous political and social attempts. His fluctuating life-time is termed to be as the transitional period from traditionalism to modernity. Not as a political thinker, but as one striving in the field of politics, Malik al-Shuara has made mention of and has advocated the theory of the establishment of an authoritarian state, a centralistic powerful government and a benevolent dictatorship combining the fist and justice.
The author seeks to respond to the question why an eloquent man of letters – who is supposed to deal with comfort, kindness, affection, silk and perfume in his prose and poetry –begins to talk about fist, authoritarian leader, iron unity, centralistic order, and establishment of a central force while dealing with politics. It is possible to refer to the evident incomparability of the two fields of literature and politics. However, a more profound contemplation indicates that his advocation of an authoritative state is the outcome of historical background in which extreme disorder of Iranian community – originating from the constitutional revolution – provoked his mind, language, and pen towards the patriotic myth of his mother – land. His attempt was not advocation of a particular individual or progeny, but support of the perseverance of Iranian nation and nationality towards territorial and civilizational dynamism of Iranian community.